Ladam et al., 2018 - TALE factors use two distinct functional modes to control an essential zebrafish gene expression program. eLIFE   7 Full text @ Elife

Fig. 1-S1

Characterization of the TALE KD phenotype.

(A) Left panels; images of 4 days post-fertilization (dpf) zebrafish following TALE knockdown (TALE KD). Middle panels; views of the anterior region at higher magnification. The TALE KD phenotype is characterized by an overall small head with under-developed eyes (1), jaw (2) and otic vesicles (3), as well as cardiac edema (4). Right bar graphs; quantification of the phenotype for TALE KD zebrafish and zebrafish injected with mRNA encoding a dominant negative TALE protein (PBCAB [Choe et al., 2009]). Note that both strategies for TALE disruption produce similar results, showing the specificity of the phenotype. Numbers above bars indicate the total number of embryos analyzed in each condition. (B) Left panels; wildtype (top) and TALE KD (bottom) 48hpf embryos stained with 3A10 antibody to detect hindbrain Mauthner neurons (images show only the hindbrain and are in dorsal view with anterior to the left). Right panels; wildtype (top) and TALE KD (bottom) 5dpf embryos stained with alcian blue to detect cartilage (images are ventral views with anterior to the left). Asterisk indicates loss of cartilage in TALE KD embryos. Also note the absence of pectoral fins in TALE KD embryos. (C) ChIP-qPCR showing Prep binding at the hoxb1a r4 enhancer in TALE KD vs control embryos at 6hpf and 12hpf. Note that TALE KD disrupts genomic Prep occupancy. Three independent biological replicates are presented as mean fold-change ± SEM of Prep IP in TALE KD vs control samples. Statistical test: unpaired t-test. (D) Scatter plot showing average TPM gene expression as identified by RNA-seq in TALE KD embryos vs control at 6hpf. Genes with significant expression variation (p-adj ≤0.01) are colored in red. Statistical test = Wald test in DeSeq2. (E) Graph showing the number of genes up/downregulated (p-adj ≤0.01, fold-change ≥1.5) in 6hpf TALE KD embryos vs control. (F) Table listing all genes up/downregulated at 6hpf in TALE KD embryos relative to control.

Fig. 7-S1

NF-Y TF regulates anterior embryonic structures and interacts with Prep and Pbx.

(A) Left panel: Expression levels of maternal and paternal nf-yb transcripts during early zebrafish embryogenesis (using data from [Harvey et al., 2013]). At 3.5hpf, transcripts from the paternal allele (which requires zygotic activation) are not detected, demonstrating that only maternal nf-yb transcripts are present at this time point. Right panel: RT-PCR analysis on 0–1.25hpf, 3.5hpf and 9hpf zebrafish embryos demonstrating that nf-ya, nf-yb and nf-yc transcripts are maternally deposited. (B) Images of 4 dpf zebrafish following injection with mRNA encoding a NF-Y dominant negative construct (NFY-DN). Control gfp mRNA injected fish show normal wild type morphology, while 21/38 and 11/38 NF-YDN injected fish have severe or mild developmental defects, respectively. Six NF-YDN injected embryos died. Note that some developmental defects are shared with TALE KD injected embryos; for example smaller head, eyes and cardiac edema (see Figure 1—figure supplement 1A). (C) Average H3K27ac, H3K27me3 and nucleosome signal at TALE sites with (red line) or without (black line) adjacent NF-Y (CCAAT) motifs. (D) Distribution of the various binding motifs (DECA, HEXA, TALE:Hox, NF-Y) at 12hpf-only and 3.5hpf Prep-occupied sites (3.5hpf sites are further broken down into MPAD classes), as well as at Prep-occupied sites associated with TALE-GRN genes (DEG = differentially expressed genes identified by RNA-seq after TALE-KD). Numbers in boxes indicate percent of all sequences in each class that contain each of the motifs. (E) Reporter assays in HEK293 cells testing enhancer activity. Each element was tested in triplicate using two concentrations (100 and 400 ng) of reporter plasmid in the presence (+TF) or absence (-TF) of co-transfected TALE and NF-Y factors. Data is presented as mean ± SD fold induction over control plasmid. (F) Co-IP experiments showing interaction of Myc-Prep (left panels) and HA-Pbx4 (right panels) with Flag-NF-YA in transfected HEK293 cells. HC = Ig heavy chain. Asterisks indicate non-specific signal. (G) Localization of early zygotic genes (Lee et al., 2013) relative to Prep ChIP-seq peak summits. The number of genes within 30 kb of Prep binding sites is indicated above each bar. p-values for enrichment above a random set of genes were calculated using the Pearson correlation test. (H) Localization of first-wave zygotic genes relative to MPADs and non-MPADs. Numbers above bars indicate the number of genes within 30 kb of each type of Prep binding site. p-values for enrichment above a random set of genes were calculated using the Pearson correlation test.

ZFIN wishes to thank the journal eLIFE for permission to reproduce figures from this article. Please note that this material may be protected by copyright. Full text @ Elife