VPS28 regulates brain vasculature by controlling neuronal VEGF trafficking through extracellular vesicle secretion
- Dong, X., Jiang, D., Wang, L., Zhao, J., Yu, L., Huang, Y., Wu, X., Zhu, Y., Zhao, Y., Zhao, Q., Zhang, G., Li, X.
- iScience 25: 104042 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Zhao, Qingshun
- Cell biology, Cellular neuroscience, Vascular remodeling
- MeSH Terms
- 35330682 Full text @ iScience
Dong, X., Jiang, D., Wang, L., Zhao, J., Yu, L., Huang, Y., Wu, X., Zhu, Y., Zhao, Y., Zhao, Q., Zhang, G., Li, X. (2022) VPS28 regulates brain vasculature by controlling neuronal VEGF trafficking through extracellular vesicle secretion. iScience. 25:104042.
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) participate in intercellular communication and contribute to the angiogenesis. However, the understanding of the mechanisms underlying EVs secretion by neurons and their action on the vascular system of the central nervous system (CNS) remain rudimentary. Here, we show that vacuolar protein sorting 28 (Vps28) is essential for the sprouting of brain central arteries (CtAs) and for the integrity of blood-brain barrier (BBB) in zebrafish. Disruption of neuron-enriched Vps28 significantly decreased EVs secretion by regulating the formation of intracellular multivesicular bodies (MVBs). EVs derived from zebrafish embryos or mouse cortical neurons partially rescued the brain vasculature defect and brain leakage. Further investigations revealed that neuronal EVs containing vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) are key regulators in neurovascular communication. Our results indicate that Vps28 acts as an intercellular endosomal regulator mediating the secretion of neuronal EVs, which in turn communicate with endothelial cells to mediate angiogenesis through VEGF-A trafficking.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes