ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190921-4
The NOTCH1-dependent HIF1α/VGLL4/IRF2BP2 oxygen sensing pathway triggers erythropoiesis terminal differentiation
Wang, Y., Liu, X., Xie, B., Yuan, H., Zhang, Y., Zhu, J.
Date: 2019
Source: Redox Biology   28: 101313 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Zhang, Yiyue, Zhu, Jun
Keywords: Erythroid differentiation, HIF1α, IRF2BP2, Oxygen, VGLL4
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells/cytology*
  • Erythroid Precursor Cells/metabolism
  • Erythropoiesis
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Oxygen/metabolism*
  • Receptor, Notch1/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Transcription Factors/genetics*
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31539803 Full text @ Redox Biol.
Hypoxia is widely considered as a limiting factor in vertebrate embryonic development, which requires adequate oxygen delivery for efficient energy metabolism, while nowadays some researches have revealed that hypoxia can induce stem cells so as to improve embryonic development. Erythroid differentiation is the oxygen delivery method employed by vertebrates at the very early step of embryo development, however, the mechanism how erythroid progenitor cell was triggered into mature erythrocyte is still not clear. In this study, after detecting the upregulation of vgll4b in response to oxygen levels, we generated vgll4b mutant zebrafish using CRISPR/Cas9, and verified the resulting impaired heme and dysfunctional erythroid terminal differentiation phenotype. Neither the vgll4b-deficient nor the γ-secretase inhibitor IX (DAPT)-adapted zebrafish were able to mediate HIF1α-induced heme generation. In addition, we showed that vgll4b mutant zebrafish were associated with an impaired erythroid phenotype, induced by the downregulation of alas2, which could be rescued by irf2bp2 depletion. Further mechanistic studies revealed that zebrafish VGLL4 sequesters IRF2BP2, thereby inhibiting its repression of alas2 expression and heme biosynthesis. These processes occur primarily via the VGLL4 TDU1 and IRF2BP2 ring finger domains. Our study also indicates that VGLL4 is a key player in the mediation of NOTCH1-dependent HIF1α-regulated erythropoiesis and can be sensitively regulated by oxygen concentrations. On the other hand, VGLL4 is a pivotal regulator of heme biosynthesis and erythroid terminal differentiation, which collectively improve oxygen metabolism.