ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200522-18
Identification of zebrafish Fxyd11a protein that is highly expressed in ion-transporting epithelium of the gill and skin and its possible role in ion homeostasis
Saito, K., Nakamura, N., Ito, Y., Hoshijima, K., Esaki, M., Zhao, B., Hirose, S.
Date: 2010
Source: Frontiers in Physiology   1: 129 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Hoshijima, Kazuyuki, Nakamura, Nubuhiro
Keywords: Danio renio, FXYD-domain ion transport regulator, Na+–K+-ATPase, calcium, mitochondria-rich cell, osmoregulation, salinity, teleost
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 21423371 Full text @ Front. Physiol.
FXYD proteins, small single-transmembrane proteins, have been proposed to be auxiliary regulatory subunits of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and have recently been implied in ion osmoregulation of teleost fish. In freshwater (FW) fish, numerous ions are actively taken up through mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs) of the gill and skin epithelia, using the Na(+) electrochemical gradient generated by Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. In the present study, to understand the molecular mechanism for the regulation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in MRCs of FW fish, we sought to identify FXYD proteins expressed in MRCs of zebrafish. Reverse-transcriptase PCR studies of adult zebrafish tissues revealed that, out of eight fxyd genes found in zebrafish database, only zebrafish fxyd11 (zfxyd11) mRNA exhibited a gill-specific expression. Double immunofluorescence staining showed that zFxyd11 is abundantly expressed in MRCs rich in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase (NaK-MRCs) but not in those rich in vacuolar-type H(+)-transporting ATPase. An in situ proximity ligation assay demonstrated its close association with Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in NaK-MRCs. The zfxyd11 mRNA expression was detectable at 1 day postfertilization, and its expression levels in the whole larvae and adult gills were regulated in response to changes in environmental ionic concentrations. Furthermore, knockdown of zFxyd11 resulted in a significant increase in the number of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-positive cells in the larval skin. These results suggest that zFxyd11 may regulate the transport ability of NaK-MRCs by modulating Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, and may be involved in the regulation of body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis.