ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200208-13
Genetics of syndromic ocular coloboma: CHARGE and COACH syndromes
George, A., Cogliati, T., Brooks, B.P.
Date: 2020
Source: Experimental Eye Research   193: 107940 (Review)
Registered Authors: Brooks, Brian P.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics*
  • Animals
  • Ataxia/genetics*
  • Brain/abnormalities*
  • Cholestasis/genetics*
  • Coloboma/genetics*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • Liver Diseases/genetics*
  • Uvea/abnormalities*
PubMed: 32032630 Full text @ Exp. Eye. Res.
Optic fissure closure defects result in uveal coloboma, a potentially blinding condition affecting between 0.5 and 2.6 per 10,000 births that may cause up to 10% of childhood blindness. Uveal coloboma is on a phenotypic continuum with microphthalmia (small eye) and anophthalmia (primordial/no ocular tissue), the so-called MAC spectrum. This review gives a brief overview of the developmental biology behind coloboma and its clinical presentation/spectrum. Special attention will be given to two prominent, syndromic forms of coloboma, namely, CHARGE (Coloboma, Heart defect, Atresia choanae, Retarded growth and development, Genital hypoplasia, and Ear anomalies/deafness) and COACH (Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, Oligophrenia, Ataxia, Coloboma, and Hepatic fibrosis) syndromes. Approaches employed to identify genes involved in optic fissure closure in animal models and recent advances in live imaging of zebrafish eye development are also discussed.