ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200115-2
Unique and non-redundant function of csf1r paralogues in regulation and evolution of post-embryonic development of the zebrafish
Caetano-Lopes, J., Henke, K., Urso, K., Duryea, J., Charles, J.F., Warman, M.L., Harris, M.P.
Date: 2020
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   147(2): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Harris, Matthew, Henke, Katrin
Keywords: Bone, Csf1r, Evolution, Osteocyte, Pigment, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Bone and Bones/metabolism
  • Dentition
  • Embryonic Development*/genetics
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation/genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Pigmentation/genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31932352 Full text @ Development
Evolution is replete with reuse of genes in different contexts, leading to multifunctional roles of signaling factors during development. Here, we explore osteoclast regulation during skeletal development through analysis of colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (csf1r) function in the zebrafish. A primary role of Csf1r signaling is to regulate the proliferation, differentiation and function of myelomonocytic cells, including osteoclasts. We demonstrate the retention of two functional paralogues of csf1r in zebrafish. Mutant analysis indicates that the paralogues have shared, non-redundant roles in regulating osteoclast activity during the formation of the adult skeleton. Csf1ra, however, has adopted unique roles in pigment cell patterning not seen in the second paralogue. We identify a unique noncoding element within csf1ra of fishes that is sufficient for controlling gene expression in pigment cells during development. As a role for Csf1r signaling in pigmentation is not observed in mammals or birds, it is likely that the overlapping roles of the two paralogues released functional constraints on csf1ra, allowing the signaling capacity of Csf1r to serve a novel function in the evolution of pigment pattern in fishes.