ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190523-2
Loss of abcd4 in zebrafish leads to vitamin B12-deficiency anemia
Choi, Y.M., Kim, Y.I., Choi, J.H., Bhandari, S., Nam, I.K., Hong, K., Kwak, S., So, H.S., Park, D.S., Kim, C.H., Choi, T.Y., Choe, S.K.
Date: 2019
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications   514(4): 1264-1269 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bhandari, Sushil, Choe, Seong-Kyu, Choi, Jung-Hwa, Choi, Tae-Young, Kim, Cheol-Hee, Kim, Yong-Il
Keywords: ABC transporter, ABCD4, Cobalamine, Vitamin B12, abcd4 knockout zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/deficiency
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/genetics
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/metabolism*
  • Anemia/metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Mutation
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 31113616 Full text @ Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
ABCD4, a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily, is associated with the transport of vitamin B12 which is crucial for the development of red blood cells (RBCs) and may also be involved in its metabolism. However, the molecular function of ABCD4 during RBC development in zebrafish is mostly unknown. Using a morpholino-based knockdown approach, we found that abcd4-knockdown resulted in abnormal RBCs of irregular shapes and various sizes. o-Dianisidine staining, as an indicator of hemoglobin in RBCs, further confirmed that abcd4 morphants possessed fewer hemoglobinized cells and impaired blood circulation. Multiple protein sequence alignment revealed that the amino acid sequence for residues 13-292, which is the domain of vitamin B12 transport, of the zebrafish Abcd4 was highly conserved compared to that of other species. Accordingly, the abcd4 morphants can be rescued with human ABCD4, demonstrating a conserved role of ABCD4 in vertebrates. Notably, the vitamin B12-deficient phenotype in abcd4 morphants, which causes anemia, was recapitulated in the newly-established abcd4 mutant, indicating the possibility that the abcd4 mutant could be used as a disease model of vitamin B12-deficiency anemia. Our study provides an insight that the analysis of the newly-established abcd4 mutant may contribute to understanding its roles in ABCD4-related vitamin B12-deficiency anemia and the associated pathogeneses in humans.