Characterization of sexual trait development in cyp17a1-deficient zebrafish
- Zhai, G., Shu, T., Xia, Y., Lu, Y., Shang, G., Jin, X., He, J., Nie, P., Yin, Z.
- Endocrinology 159(10): 3549-3562 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- He, Jiangyan, Nie, Pin, Yin, Zhan, Zhai, Gang
- MeSH Terms
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone/metabolism
- Sex Differentiation/genetics*
- Sexual Development/genetics*
- Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase/genetics*
- Time Factors
- Zebrafish Proteins/deficiency
- Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
- 30202919 Full text @ Endocrinology
Zhai, G., Shu, T., Xia, Y., Lu, Y., Shang, G., Jin, X., He, J., Nie, P., Yin, Z. (2018) Characterization of sexual trait development in cyp17a1-deficient zebrafish. Endocrinology. 159(10):3549-3562.
Cytochrome P450 17A1 (Cyp17a1) has both 17α-hydroxylase and 17, 20-lyase activities, which are involved in the steroidogenic pathway that produces androgens and estrogens. Previously, a phenotype of all-male cyp17a1-deficient zebrafish generated by transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALENs) has been reported. In the present study, the mechanisms relating to Cyp17a1 that are involved in the development of sexual traits, especially gonadal differentiation and testicular development, were characterized. We found that the cyp17a1-deficient fish at 3 months post-fertilization (mpf) were all fertile males with normal testis and spermatogenesis but compromised male-typical mating behaviors and secondary sex characters (SSCs), including breeding tubercles (BTs), body pigmentation, and anal fin coloration. These results demonstrate that spermatogenesis and testicular development are not as susceptible to androgen-deficiency compared to the formation of male-typical SSCs and mating behaviors in zebrafish. The differentiation of the juvenile ovary into the mature ovary failed during the critical sexual differentiation stage. This all-male phenotype of the cyp17a1-deficient fish could be restored with testosterone or estradiol treatment. For testicular development in cyp17a1-deficient fish, a gradually increasing number of spermatozoa and testis hypertrophy from 3 mpf to 6 mpf were observed, accompanied by constitutively up-regulated pituitary gonadotropin follicle stimulating hormone subunit beta (fshβ). The hypertrophic testis and enhanced spermatogenesis in the cyp17a1-deficient fish at 6 mpf could be effectively rescued by fshβ-depletion. These results confirm that adequate estrogen is essential for maintaining ovarian differentiation and provide new insight into the role of FSHβ in male testicular development and spermatogenesis.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes