PUBLICATION

Zebrafish as a Model for the Study of Host-Virus Interactions

Authors
Zou, P.F., Nie, P.
ID
ZDB-PUB-170817-10
Date
2017
Source
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1656: 57-78 (Chapter)
Registered Authors
Nie, Pin
Keywords
EPC, Host-virus interaction, Immunity, SVCV, ZF4, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Fish Diseases*/immunology
  • Fish Diseases*/virology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions/immunology*
  • Rhabdoviridae/physiology*
  • Rhabdoviridae Infections*/immunology
  • Rhabdoviridae Infections*/veterinary
  • Rhabdoviridae Infections*/virology
  • Zebrafish*/immunology
  • Zebrafish*/virology
PubMed
28808961 Full text @ Meth. Mol. Biol.
Abstract
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) has become an increasingly important model for in vivo and in vitro studies on host-pathogen interaction, offering scientists with optical accessibility and genetic tractability, and a vertebrate-type immunity that can be separated into innate and adaptive ones. Although it is shown in previous studies that few species of viruses can naturally infect zebrafish, the spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV), a rhabdovirus that causes contagious acute hemorrhagic viraemia in a variety of cyprinid fishes, can infect zebrafish by both injection and static immersion methods in laboratory conditions. In addition, SVCV can infect zebrafish fibroblast cell line (ZF4 cells), together with the Epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cell line (EPC cells), a common cell line used widely in fish disease research. The infection and propagation of SVCV in zebrafish and especially in these cell lines can be employed conveniently in laboratory for functional assays of zebrafish genes. The zebrafish, ZF4 and EPC cell, and SVCV can serve as a simple and efficient model system in understanding host-virus interactions. In the present chapter, we provide detailed protocols for the host-virus interaction analysis based on zebrafish embryos, ZF4/EPC cells, and SVCV, including infection methods of zebrafish embryos and cell lines, analyses of immune responses by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq), antiviral assays based on ZF4 and EPC cells, and the analysis of host-virus interaction using luciferase assays. These protocols should provide efficient and typical means to address host-virus interactions in a more general biological sense.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Show all Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes