Spring Viremia of Carp Virus N Protein Suppresses Fish IFNφ1 Production by Targeting the Mitochondrial Antiviral Signaling Protein
- Lu, L.F., Li, S., Lu, X.B., LaPatra, S.E., Zhang, N., Zhang, X.J., Chen, D.D., Nie, P., Zhang, Y.A.
- Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 196(9): 3744-53 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Nie, Pin
- MeSH Terms
- Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics
- Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism*
- Cell Line
- DEAD Box Protein 58/metabolism*
- Epithelial Cells/physiology*
- Epithelial Cells/virology
- Immune Evasion
- Nucleocapsid Proteins/immunology*
- Rhabdoviridae Infections/immunology*
- Signal Transduction
- Transcriptional Activation
- Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
- Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
- 26994222 Full text @ J. Immunol.
Lu, L.F., Li, S., Lu, X.B., LaPatra, S.E., Zhang, N., Zhang, X.J., Chen, D.D., Nie, P., Zhang, Y.A. (2016) Spring Viremia of Carp Virus N Protein Suppresses Fish IFNφ1 Production by Targeting the Mitochondrial Antiviral Signaling Protein. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 196(9):3744-53.
For a virus to replicate efficiently, it must try and inhibit host IFN expression because IFN is an important host defense at early stages after viral infection. For aquatic viruses, the mechanisms used to escape the hosts IFN system are still unclear. In this study, we show that the N protein of spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) inhibits zebrafish IFNφ1 production by degrading the mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS). First, the upregulation of IFNφ1 promoter activity stimulated by polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid, retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) or MAVS was suppressed by the SVCV infection. However, the upregulation by the downstream factor of the RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, TANK-binding kinase 1, was not affected. Notably, at the protein level, MAVS decreased remarkably when cells were infected with SVCV. Second, consistent with the result of the SVCV infection, overexpression of the N protein of SVCV blocked the IFNφ1 transcription activated by MAVS and downregulated MAVS expression at the protein level but not at the mRNA level. Further analysis demonstrated that the N protein targeted MAVS for K48-linked ubiquitination, which promoted the degradation of MAVS. These data indicated that fish MAVS could be degraded by the N protein of SVCV through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. To our knowledge, this is the first article of a fish RIG-I-like receptor pathway interfered by an aquatic virus in an ubiquitin-proteasome manner, suggesting that immune evasion of a virus also exists in lower vertebrates.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes