Melatonin Is Required for the Circadian Regulation of Sleep
- Gandhi, A.V., Mosser, E.A., Oikonomou, G., Prober, D.A.
- Neuron 85(6): 1193-9 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Prober, David
- MeSH Terms
- Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics
- Arylalkylamine N-Acetyltransferase/genetics
- Circadian Clocks/genetics
- Circadian Rhythm/genetics
- Circadian Rhythm/physiology*
- 25754820 Full text @ Neuron
Gandhi, A.V., Mosser, E.A., Oikonomou, G., Prober, D.A. (2015) Melatonin Is Required for the Circadian Regulation of Sleep. Neuron. 85(6):1193-9.
Sleep is an evolutionarily conserved behavioral state whose regulation is poorly understood. A classical model posits that sleep is regulated by homeostatic and circadian mechanisms. Several factors have been implicated in mediating the homeostatic regulation of sleep, but molecules underlying the circadian mechanism are unknown. Here we use animals lacking melatonin due to mutation of arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (aanat2) to show that melatonin is required for circadian regulation of sleep in zebrafish. Sleep is dramatically reduced at night in aanat2 mutants maintained in light/dark conditions, and the circadian regulation of sleep is abolished in free-running conditions. We find that melatonin promotes sleep downstream of the circadian clock as it is not required to initiate or maintain circadian rhythms. Additionally, we provide evidence that melatonin may induce sleep in part by promoting adenosine signaling, thus potentially linking circadian and homeostatic control of sleep.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes