ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140513-61
New Model Systems to Illuminate Thyroid Organogenesis. Part I: An Update on the Zebrafish Toolbox
Opitz, R., Antonica, F., Costagliola, S.
Date: 2013
Source: European thyroid journal   2: 229-242 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Antonica, Francesco, Costagliola, Sabine, Opitz, Robert
Keywords: Development, Embryo, Live imaging
, Mutagenesis, Thyroid, Transgenesis, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 24783054 Full text @ Eur Thyroid J
Thyroid dysgenesis (TD) resulting from defects during embryonic thyroid development represents a major cause of congenital hypothyroidism. The pathogenetic mechanisms of TD in human newborns, however, are still poorly understood and disease-causing genetic variants have been identified in only a small percentage of TD cases. This limited understanding of the pathogenesis of TD is partly due to a lack of knowledge on how intrinsic factors and extrinsic signalling cues orchestrate the differentiation of thyroid follicular cells and the morphogenesis of thyroid tissue. Recently, embryonic stem cells and zebrafish embryos emerged as novel model systems that allow for innovative experimental approaches in order to decipher cellular and molecular mechanisms of thyroid development and to unravel pathogenic mechanisms of TD. Zebrafish embryos offer several salient properties for studies on thyroid organogenesis including rapid and external development, optical transparency, ease of breeding, relative short generation time and amenability for genome editing. In this review, we will highlight recent advances in the zebrafish toolkit to visualize cellular dynamics of organ development and discuss specific prospects of the zebrafish model for studies on vertebrate thyroid development and human congenital thyroid diseases.