ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-121127-2
Shroom3 is required downstream of FGF signalling to mediate proneuromast assembly in zebrafish
Ernst, S., Liu, K., Agarwala, S., Moratscheck, N., Avci, M.E., Nogare, D.D., Chitnis, A.B., Ronneberger, O., and Lecaudey, V.
Date: 2012
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   139(24): 4571-4581 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chitnis, Ajay, Lecaudey, Virginie
Keywords: lateral line, apical constriction, rosette, shroom3, rho kinase, collective cell migration, morphogenesis, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Cell Differentiation/genetics
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology
  • Cell Movement/genetics
  • Cell Movement/physiology
  • Cell Polarity/genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/physiology
  • Lateral Line System/embryology*
  • Lateral Line System/metabolism
  • Lateral Line System/physiology
  • Mechanoreceptors/cytology
  • Mechanoreceptors/metabolism
  • Mechanoreceptors/physiology*
  • Microfilament Proteins/genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins/metabolism
  • Microfilament Proteins/physiology*
  • Morphogenesis/genetics*
  • Morphogenesis/physiology
  • Myosins/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction/genetics
  • Signal Transduction/physiology
  • Tissue Distribution/genetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 23136387 Full text @ Development

During development, morphogenetic processes require a precise coordination of cell differentiation, cell shape changes and, often, cell migration. Yet, how pattern information is used to orchestrate these different processes is still unclear. During lateral line (LL) morphogenesis, a group of cells simultaneously migrate and assemble radially organized cell clusters, termed rosettes, that prefigure LL sensory organs. This process is controlled by Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling, which induces cell fate changes, cell migration and cell shape changes. However, the exact molecular mechanisms induced by FGF activation that mediate these changes on a cellular level are not known. Here, we focus on the mechanisms by which FGFs control apical constriction and rosette assembly. We show that apical constriction in the LL primordium requires the activity of non-muscle myosin. We demonstrate further that shroom3, a well-known regulator of non-muscle myosin activity, is expressed in the LL primordium and that its expression requires FGF signalling. Using gain- and loss-of-function experiments, we demonstrate that Shroom3 is the main organizer of cell shape changes during rosette assembly, probably by coordinating Rho kinase recruitment and non-muscle myosin activation. In order to quantify morphogenesis in the LL primordium in an unbiased manner, we developed a unique trainable ‘rosette detector’. We thus propose a model in which Shroom3 drives rosette assembly in the LL downstream of FGF in a Rho kinase- and non-muscle myosin-dependent manner. In conclusion, we uncovered the first mechanistic link between patterning and morphogenesis during LL sensory organ formation.