ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-100223-11
Syntabulin, a motor protein linker, controls dorsal determination
Nojima, H., Rothhämel, S., Shimizu, T., Kim, C.H., Yonemura, S., Marlow, F.L., and Hibi, M.
Date: 2010
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   137(6): 923-933 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Hibi, Masahiko, Kim, Cheol-Hee, Marlow, Florence, Nojima, Hideaki, Shimizu, Takashi
Keywords: Dorsal determination, Syntabulin, Kinesin, Microtubules, Balbiani body, Bucky ball, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Body Patterning/genetics*
  • Cell Polarity/genetics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins/physiology*
  • Molecular Motor Proteins/genetics
  • Molecular Motor Proteins/physiology
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA, Messenger, Stored/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger, Stored/physiology
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 20150281 Full text @ Development
In amphibian and teleost embryos, the dorsal determinants (DDs are believed to be initially localized to the vegetal pole and then transported to the prospective dorsal side of the embryo along a microtubule array. The DDs are known to activate the canonical Wnt pathway and thereby promote the expression of genes that induce the dorsal organizer. Here, by identifying the locus of the maternal-effect ventralized mutant tokkaebi, we show that Syntabulin, a linker of the kinesin I motor protein, is essential for dorsal determination in zebrafish. We found that syntabulin mRNA is transported to the vegetal pole during oogenesis through the Bucky ball (Buc-mediated Balbiani body-dependent pathway, which is necessary for establishment of animal-vegetal (AV oocyte polarity. We demonstrate that Syntabulin is translocated from the vegetal pole in a microtubule-dependent manner. Our findings suggest that Syntabulin regulates the microtubule-dependent transport of the DDs, and provide evidence for the link between AV and dorsoventral axis formation.