ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-210323-2
Role of germ-free animal models in understanding interactions of gut microbiota to host and environmental health: A special reference to zebrafish
Jia, P.P., Junaid, M., Wen, P.P., Yang, Y.F., Li, W.G., Yang, X.G., Pei, D.S.
Date: 2021
Source: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)   279: 116925 (Review)
Registered Authors: Pei, Desheng
Keywords: Germ-free zebrafish model, Gut microbial functions, Host diseases, Pollutants’ toxicity, Probiotic therapy
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Environmental Health
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome*
  • Humans
  • Microbiota*
  • Models, Animal
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 33744636 Full text @ Environ. Pollut.
Numerous pieces of evidence documented the importance of gut microbiota in regulating human health and evaluating the toxicity of environmental pollutants, which are closely related to the host health in various aspects, including nutrition, energy translation, metabolism, pathogen resistance, and immune function. A variety of environmental factors can disrupt gut microbiota and their functions, and inevitably cause immune diseases, obesity and diabetes. However, deciphering the inner mechanisms involved in the functional interaction of gut microbes with host health is still needed extensive investigations. This review focused on the essential roles of intestinal microbes in host-related diseases and highlighted the development and applications of germ-free (GF) animal models, mainly zebrafish. Moreover, the generation, immunity characters, advantages and challenges of GF zebrafish models were also summarized. Importantly, the composition and isolation of zebrafish gut bacteria for further application and toxicity evaluation of aquatic environmental pollutants were also discussed. In conclusion, GF zebrafish play irreplaceable roles in understanding the potential functions and responses of customized microbiota towards human and environmental health implications.