ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-210320-6
Characterization of zebrafish GABAA receptor subunits
Sadamitsu, K., Shigemitsu, L., Suzuki, M., Ito, D., Kashima, M., Hirata, H.
Date: 2021
Source: Scientific Reports   11: 6242 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Hirata, Hiromi
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Vectors/chemistry
  • Genetic Vectors/metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Kinetics
  • Larva/genetics
  • Larva/metabolism*
  • Membrane Potentials/drug effects
  • Membrane Potentials/physiology
  • Oocytes/cytology
  • Oocytes/drug effects
  • Oocytes/metabolism
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Subunits/genetics
  • Protein Subunits/metabolism*
  • Receptors, GABA-A/genetics
  • Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins/chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins/genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
  • Xenopus
  • Zebrafish/classification
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology
PubMed: 33737538 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, exerts its effect through the activation of GABA receptors. GABAA receptors are ligand-gated chloride channels composed of five subunit proteins. Mammals have 19 different GABAA receptor subunits (α1-6, β1-3, γ1-3, δ, ε, π, θ, and ρ1-3), the physiological properties of which have been assayed by electrophysiology. However, the evolutionary conservation of the physiological characteristics of diverged GABAA receptor subunits remains unclear. Zebrafish have 23 subunits (α1, α2a, α2b, α3-5, α6a, α6b, β1-4, γ1-3, δ, π, ζ, ρ1, ρ2a, ρ2b, ρ3a, and ρ3b), but the electrophysiological properties of these subunits have not been explored. In this study, we cloned the coding sequences for zebrafish GABAA receptor subunits and investigated their expression patterns in larval zebrafish by whole-mount in situ hybridization. We also performed electrophysiological recordings of GABA-evoked currents from Xenopus oocytes injected with one or multiple zebrafish GABAA receptor subunit cRNAs and calculated the half-maximal effective concentrations (EC50s) for each. Our results revealed the spatial expressions and electrophysiological GABA sensitivities of zebrafish GABAA receptors, suggesting that the properties of GABAA receptor subunits are conserved among vertebrates.