ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-210307-10
Feed Restriction Modulates Growth, Gut Morphology and Gene Expression in Zebrafish
Purushothaman, K., Tan, J.K.H., Lau, D., Saju, J.M., Thevasagayam, N.M., Wee, C.L., Vij, S.
Date: 2021
Source: International Journal of Molecular Sciences   22(4): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Saju, Jolly M.
Keywords: Danio rerio, calorie restriction, feed restriction, gut
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Eating*
  • Energy Intake*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Intestines/anatomy & histology
  • Intestines/growth & development*
  • Male
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • Zebrafish/anatomy & histology
  • Zebrafish/growth & development*
PubMed: 33670431 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
A reduction in daily caloric or nutrient intake has been observed to promote health benefits in mammals and other vertebrates. Feed Restriction (FR), whereby the overall food intake of the organism is reduced, has been explored as a method to improve metabolic and immune health, as well as to optimize productivity in farming. However, less is known regarding the molecular and physiological consequences of FR. Using the model organism, Danio rerio, we investigated the impact of a short-term (month-long) FR on growth, gut morphology and gene expression. Our data suggest that FR has minimal effects on the average growth rates, but it may affect weight and size heterogeneity in a sex-dependent manner. In the gut, we observed a significant reduction in gut circumference and generally lower mucosal heights, whereas other parameters remained unchanged. Gene Ontology (GO), EuKaryotic Orthologous Groups (KOG), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis identified numerous metabolic, reproductive, and immune response pathways that were affected by FR. These results broaden our understanding of FR and contribute towards growing knowledge of its effects on vertebrate health.