ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-210302-16
ROS Live Cell Imaging During Neuronal Development
Terzi, A., Alam, S.M.S., Suter, D.M.
Date: 2021
Source: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE   (168): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Alam, Sabbir, Suter, Daniel M., Terzi, Aslihan
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Biosensing Techniques/methods*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Hydrogen Peroxide/analysis
  • Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism*
  • Molecular Imaging/methods*
  • Neurogenesis*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/cytology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
PubMed: 33645566 Full text @ J. Vis. Exp.
ABSTRACT
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are well-established signaling molecules, which are important in normal development, homeostasis, and physiology. Among the different ROS, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is best characterized with respect to roles in cellular signaling. H2O2 has been implicated during the development in several species. For example, a transient increase in H2O2 has been detected in zebrafish embryos during the first days following fertilization. Furthermore, depleting an important cellular H2O2 source, NADPH oxidase (NOX), impairs nervous system development such as the differentiation, axonal growth, and guidance of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) both in vivo and in vitro. Here, we describe a method for imaging intracellular H2O2 levels in cultured zebrafish neurons and whole larvae during development using the genetically encoded H2O2-specific biosensor, roGFP2-Orp1. This probe can be transiently or stably expressed in zebrafish larvae. Furthermore, the ratiometric readout diminishes the probability of detecting artifacts due to differential gene expression or volume effects. First, we demonstrate how to isolate and culture RGCs derived from zebrafish embryos that transiently express roGFP2-Orp1. Then, we use whole larvae to monitor H2O2 levels at the tissue level. The sensor has been validated by the addition of H2O2. Additionally, this methodology could be used to measure H2O2 levels in specific cell types and tissues by generating transgenic animals with tissue-specific biosensor expression. As zebrafish facilitate genetic and developmental manipulations, the approach demonstrated here could serve as a pipeline to test the role of H2O2 during neuronal and general embryonic development in vertebrates.
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