Human-specific staphylococcal virulence factors enhance pathogenicity in a humanised zebrafish C5a receptor model
- Buchan, K.D., van Gent, M., Prajsnar, T.K., Ogryzko, N.V., de Jong, N.W.M., Kolata, J., Foster, S.J., van Strijp, J.A.G., Renshaw, S.A.
- Journal of Cell Science 134(5): (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Ogryzko, Nikolay, Renshaw, Steve A.
- Host-Pathogen Interactions, Immunology, In vivo models, Microbiology, Staphylococcus aureus, Zebrafish
- MeSH Terms
- Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a/genetics
- Staphylococcus aureus*/genetics
- Virulence Factors*/genetics
- 33589501 Full text @ J. Cell Sci.
Buchan, K.D., van Gent, M., Prajsnar, T.K., Ogryzko, N.V., de Jong, N.W.M., Kolata, J., Foster, S.J., van Strijp, J.A.G., Renshaw, S.A. (2021) Human-specific staphylococcal virulence factors enhance pathogenicity in a humanised zebrafish C5a receptor model. Journal of Cell Science. 134(5):.
Staphylococcus aureus infects approximately 30% of the human population and causes a spectrum of pathologies ranging from mild skin infections to life-threatening invasive diseases. The strict host specificity of its virulence factors has severely limited the accuracy of in vivo models for the development of vaccines and therapeutics. To resolve this, we generated a humanised zebrafish model and determined that neutrophil-specific expression of the human C5a receptor conferred susceptibility to the S. aureus toxins PVL and HlgCB, leading to reduced neutrophil numbers at the site of infection and increased infection-associated mortality. These results show that humanised zebrafish provide a valuable platform to study the contribution of human-specific S. aureus virulence factors to infection in vivo that could facilitate the development of novel therapeutic approaches and essential vaccines.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes