The GABRG2 F343L allele causes spontaneous seizures in a novel transgenic zebrafish model that can be treated with suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA)

Shen, D., Chen, J., Liu, D., Shen, M., Wang, X., Wu, Y., Ke, S., Macdonald, R.L., Zhang, Q.
Annals of translational medicine   8: 1560 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Liu, Dong, Wang, Xin, Zhang, Qi
GABAA receptors, genetic epilepsies, histone deacetylase (HDAC), suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA), zebrafish
MeSH Terms
33437759 Full text @ Ann Transl Med
Mutations in the γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor γ2 subunit gene, GABRG2, have been associated frequently with epilepsy syndromes with varying severities. Recently, a de novo GABRG2 mutation, c.T1027C, p.F343L, was identified in a patient with an early onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE). In vitro, we demonstrated that GABAA receptors containing the mutant γ2(F343L) subunit have impaired trafficking to the cell surface. Here, we aim to validate an in vivo zebrafish model of EOEE associated with the GABRG2 mutation T1027C.
We generated a novel transgenic zebrafish (AB strain) that overexpressed mutant human γ2(F343L) subunits and provided an initial characterization of the transgenic Tg(hGABRG2F343L ) zebrafish.
Real-time quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization identified a significant up-regulation of c-fos in the mutant transgenic zebrafish, which has a well-established role in epileptogenesis. In the larval stage 5 days postfertilization (dpf), freely swimming Tg(hGABRG2F343L ) zebrafish displayed spontaneous seizure-like behaviors consisting of whole-body shaking and hyperactivity during automated locomotion video tracking, and seizures can be induced by light stimulation. Using RNA sequencing, we investigated transcriptomic changes due to the presence of mutant γ2L(F343L) subunits and have found 524 genes that are differentially expressed, including up-regulation of 33 genes associated with protein processing. More specifically, protein network analysis indicated histone deacetylases (HDACs) as potential therapeutic targets, and suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA), a broad HDACs inhibitor, alleviated seizure-like phenotypes in mutant zebrafish larvae.
Overall, our Tg(hGABRG2F343L ) overexpression zebrafish model provides the first example of a human epilepsy-associated GABRG2 mutation resulting in spontaneous seizures in zebrafish. Moreover, HDAC inhibition may be worth investigating as a therapeutic strategy for genetic epilepsies caused by missense mutations in GABRG2 and possibly in other central nervous system genes that impair surface trafficking.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes