ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-201126-2
Molecular mechanisms of developmental toxicities of azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin toward zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos: Visualization of abnormal development using two transgenic lines
Kim, C., Choe, H., Park, J., Kim, G., Kim, K., Jeon, H.J., Moon, J.K., Kim, M.J., Lee, S.E.
Date: 2020
Source: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)   270: 116087 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kim, Myoung-Jin
Keywords: Azoxystrobin, Heart malformation, Pyraclostrobin, Transgenic zebrafishes
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Pyrimidines/toxicity
  • Strobilurins/toxicity
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*
  • Zebrafish*
PubMed: 33234374 Full text @ Environ. Pollut.
Azoxystrobin (AZ) and pyraclostrobin (PY) are strobilurin fungicides that inhibit fungal mitochondrial respiration. In this study, a representative model, zebrafish (Danio rerio), was used as a test species for acute and developmental toxicity. Survival and malformation rates were observed only PY-treated embryos, with an LC50 value of 77.75 ppb accompanied by a dramatic decrease in hatching rate, while AZ did not show great mortality. Morphological changes were observed in PY-treated embryos with the occurrence of pericadial edema at 25 ppb. A delay in growth was observed after treatment with pyraclostrobin at 50 ppb. Use of genetically engineered Tg(cmlc:EGFP) allowed fluorescence observation during heart development. PY interfered with normal heart development via upregulation of the nppa gene responsible for the expression of natriuretic peptides. Heart function was dramatically reduced as indicated by reduced heart rates. Increased expression of the nppa gene was also seen in AZ-treated embryos. The expression level of cyp24a1 was also up-regulated, while ugt1a1 and sult1st6 were down-regulated after treatment of zebrafish embryos with AZ or PY. Overall, strobilurin fungicides might inhibit normal heart formation and function within the range of concentrations tested.