Targeting lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) exerts antileukemic effects on T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Yu, H., Yin, Y., Yi, Y., Cheng, Z., Kuang, W., Li, R., Zhong, H., Cui, Y., Yuan, L., Gong, F., Wang, Z., Li, H., Peng, H., Zhang, G.
Cancer communications (London, England)   40(10): 501-517 (Journal)
Registered Authors
CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing, LDHA, T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, oxamate, transgenic zebrafish model
MeSH Terms
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Female
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase 5/genetics*
  • Male
  • Oxamic Acid/pharmacology
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma*/genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Signal Transduction
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Zebrafish
32820611 Full text @ Cancer Commun (Lond)
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an uncommon and aggressive subtype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In the serum of T-ALL patients, the activity of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) is increased. We proposed that targeting LDHA may be a potential strategy to improve T-ALL outcomes. The current study was conducted to investigate the antileukemic effect of LDHA gene-targeting treatment on T-ALL and the underlying molecular mechanism.
Primary T-ALL cell lines Jurkat and DU528 were treated with the LDH inhibitor oxamate. MTT, colony formation, apoptosis, and cell cycle assays were performed to investigate the effects of oxamate on T-ALL cells. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting analyses were applied to determine the related signaling pathways. A mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay was performed to evaluate ROS production after T-ALL cells were treated with oxamate. A T-ALL transgenic zebrafish model with LDHA gene knockdown was established using CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology, and then TUNEL, Western blotting, and T-ALL tumor progression analyses were conducted to investigate the effects of LDHA gene knockdown on T-ALL transgenic zebrafish.
Oxamate significantly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of Jurkat and DU528 cells. It also arrested Jurkat and DU528 cells in G0/G1 phase and stimulated ROS production (all P < 0.001). Blocking LDHA significantly decreased the gene and protein expression of c-Myc, as well as the levels of phosphorylated serine/threonine kinase (AKT) and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β) in the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway. LDHA gene knockdown delayed disease progression and down-regulated c-Myc mRNA and protein expression in T-ALL transgenic zebrafish.
Targeting LDHA exerted an antileukemic effect on T-ALL, representing a potential strategy for T-ALL treatment.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes