ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200724-12
The role of TASK-2 channels in CO2 sensing in zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Koudrina, N., Perry, S.F., Gilmour, K.M.
Date: 2020
Source: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology   319(3): R329-R342 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Perry, Steve F.
Keywords: TASK-2 potassium channels, cardiorespiratory reflexes, hypercapnia, kcnk5, neuroepithelial cell
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Carbon Dioxide/metabolism*
  • Chemoreceptor Cells/metabolism
  • Gills/metabolism
  • Hypercapnia/metabolism*
  • Hyperventilation/metabolism
  • Hypoxia/metabolism*
  • Neuroepithelial Cells/cytology
  • Neuroepithelial Cells/metabolism*
  • Oxygen/metabolism
  • Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/physiology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 32697653 Full text @ Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.
ABSTRACT
Peripheral chemosensitivity in fishes is thought to be mediated by serotonin-enriched neuroepithelial cells (NECs) that are localised to the gills of adults and the integument of larvae. In adult zebrafish (Danio rerio), branchial NECs are presumed to mediate the cardiorespiratory reflexes associated with hypoxia or hypercapnia whereas in larvae, there is indirect evidence linking cutaneous NECs to hypoxic hyperventilation and hypercapnic tachycardia. No study yet has examined the ventilatory response of larval zebrafish to hypercapnia and regardless of developmental stage, the signalling pathways involved in CO2 sensing remain unclear. In the mouse, a background potassium channel (TASK-2) contributes to the sensitivity of chemoreceptor cells to CO2. Zebrafish possess two TASK-2 channel paralogs, TASK-2 and TASK-2b encoded by kcnk5a and kcnk5b, respectively. The present study aimed to determine whether TASK-2 channels are expressed in NECs of larval zebrafish and whether they are involved in CO2 sensing. Using immunohistochemical approaches, TASK-2 protein was observed on the surface of NECs in larvae. Exposure of larvae to hypercapnia caused cardiac and breathing frequencies to increase, and these responses were blunted in fish experiencing TASK-2 and/or TASK-2b knockdown. The results of these experiments suggest that TASK-2 channels are involved in CO2 sensing by NECs and contribute to the initiation of reflex cardiorespiratory responses during exposure of larvae to hypercapnia.
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