ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200611-5
Pro-resolving mediator Protectin D1 promotes epimorphic regeneration by controlling immune cell function in vertebrates
Nguyen-Chi, M., Luz-Crawford, P., Balas, L., Sipka, T., Contreras-López, R., Barthelaix, A., Lutfalla, G., Durand, T., Jorgensen, C., Djouad, F.
Date: 2020
Source: British journal of pharmacology   177(17): 4055-4073 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Lutfalla, Georges
Keywords: Regeneration, inflammation, macrophage, neutrophil, specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids*
  • Macrophages
  • Regeneration
  • Wound Healing
  • Zebrafish*
PubMed: 32520398 Full text @ Br. J. Pharmacol.
Specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPM) are a family of lipids controlling the resolution of inflammation and playing a role in many processes including organ protection and tissue repair. While synthetic SPM are potent bioactive molecules in vivo, their role in epimorphic regeneration of organs in vertebrates has not been tested. Using the zebrafish larva as a robust regenerative vertebrate system, we studied the role of the SPM neuroprotectin/protectin D1 (PD1) during the caudal fin fold regeneration.
Regeneration of the fin fold was analyzed when exposed to a synthetic PD1. The effect of PD1 on immune cell recruitment and activation was further investigated using live imaging combined with fluorescent reporter lines. Using genetic and pharmacological approaches, we dissected the role of neutrophils and macrophages on driving the pro-regenerative effect of PD1.
We showed that PD1 improves fin fold regeneration. Acting in a narrow time window during regeneration, PD1 accelerates the resolution of inflammation without affecting the initial kinetic of neutrophil recruitment but instead, promoting their reverse migration potential. In addition, PD1 induces macrophage polarization switch toward non-inflammatory states in both zebrafish and mammalian system. Finally, macrophages but not neutrophils are essential for PD1-mediated regeneration.
These results reveal the pro-regenerative action of PD1 and its role in regulating neutrophil and macrophage response in vertebrates. These findings strongly support the development of pro-resolving mediators as natural therapeutic candidates for degenerative disorders and the use of the zebrafish as a tool to investigate pro-regenerative drugs.