ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200514-1
Tripartite-motif family protein 35-28 regulates microglia development by preventing necrotic death of microglial precursors in zebrafish
Yu, T., Kuang, H., Chen, J., Lin, X., Wu, Y., Chen, K., Zhang, M., Zhang, W., Wen, Z.
Date: 2020
Source: The Journal of biological chemistry   295(26): 8846-8856 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chen, Jiahao, Wen, Zilong, Zhang, Wenqing
Keywords: Trim, cell death, development, macrophage, microglia, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Microglia/cytology*
  • Microglia/physiology
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Necroptosis
  • Neural Stem Cells/cytology*
  • Neural Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Neurogenesis
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 32398256 Full text @ J. Biol. Chem.
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ABSTRACT
Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages in the central nervous system (CNS) that play essential roles in the regulation of CNS development and homeostasis. Yet, the genetic networks governing microglia development remain incompletely defined. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a microglia-defective zebrafish mutant wulonghkz12 (wulhkz12 ) isolated from an ethylnitrosourea (ENU)-based genetic screen. We show that wulhkz12 mutants harbors a missense point mutation in the gene region encoding the PRY/SPRY domain of the tripartite-motif family protein 35-28 (trim35-8) gene. Time-lapse imaging revealed that the loss of Trim35-28 function causes lytic necrosis of microglial precursors/peripheral macrophages, as indicated by cytoplasmic swelling and membrane rupture of these precursors and accompanied by neutrophil infiltration and systemic inflammation. Intriguingly, the lytic necrosis of microglial precursors in trim35-28-deficient mutants appeared to depend neither on the canonical pyroptotic nor on necroptotic pathways, as inhibition of the key component in each pathway could not rescue the microglia phenotype in trim35-28-deficient mutants. Finally, results from tissue-specific rescue experiments suggested that Trim35-28 acts cell-autonomously in the survival of microglial precursors. Taken together, the findings of our study reveal Trim35-28 as a regulatory protein essential for microglia development.
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