ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-200305-6
Biallelic variants in PSMB1 encoding the proteasome subunit β6 cause impairment of proteasome function, microcephaly, intellectual disability, developmental delay and short stature
Ansar, M., Ebstein, F., Özkoç, H., Paracha, S.A., Iwaszkiewicz, J., Gesemann, M., Zoete, V., Ranza, E., Santoni, F.A., Sarwar, M.T., Ahmed, J., Krüger, E., Bachmann-Gagescu, R., Antonarakis, S.E.
Date: 2020
Source: Human molecular genetics   29(7): 1132-1143 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bachmann-Gagescu, Ruxandra, Gesemann, Matthias
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Child
  • Consanguinity
  • Developmental Disabilities/complications
  • Developmental Disabilities/genetics
  • Developmental Disabilities/pathology
  • Dwarfism/complications
  • Dwarfism/genetics*
  • Female
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability/complications
  • Intellectual Disability/genetics
  • Intellectual Disability/pathology
  • Male
  • Microcephaly/complications
  • Microcephaly/genetics*
  • Microcephaly/pathology
  • Models, Molecular
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 32129449 Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.
The molecular cause of the majority of rare autosomal recessive disorders remains unknown. Consanguinity due to extensive homozygosity unravels many recessive phenotypes and facilitates the detection of novel gene-disease links. Here, we report two siblings with phenotypic signs including intellectual disability, developmental delay, and microcephaly from a Pakistani consanguineous family in which we have identified homozygosity for p(Tyr103His) in the PSMB1 gene (Genbank NM_002793) that segregated with the disease phenotype. PSMB1 encodes a β-type proteasome subunit (i.e. β6). Modeling of the p(Tyr103His) variant indicates that this variant weakens the interactions between PSMB1/β6 and PSMA5/α5 proteasome subunits and thus destabilizes the 20S proteasome complex. Biochemical experiments in human SHSY5Y cells revealed that the p(Tyr103His) variant affects both the processing of PSMB1/β6 and its incorporation into proteasome, thus impairing proteasome activity. CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis or morpholino knock-down of the single psmb1 zebrafish orthologue resulted in microcephaly, microphthalmia and reduced brain size. Genetic evidence in the family and functional experiments in human cells and zebrafish indicate that PSMB1/β6 pathogenic variants are the cause of a recessive disease with intellectual disability, microcephaly and developmental delay due to abnormal proteasome assembly.