ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-191111-10
Mypt1 regulates Bmp signaling to promote embryonic exocrine pancreas growth in zebrafish
Dong, G., Huang, Y., Ding, H., Luo, L., Zhang, Y., Huang, H., Ruan, H.
Date: 2019
Source: Genesis (New York, N.Y. : 2000)   58(2): e23345 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Dong, Guoping, Huang, Honghui, Luo, Lingfei, Ruan, Hua
Keywords: Bmp2a, Mypt1, cell migration, exocrine pancreas
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/genetics
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Loss of Function Mutation
  • Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase/genetics
  • Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase/metabolism*
  • Pancreas, Exocrine/embryology
  • Pancreas, Exocrine/metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31705616 Full text @ Genesis
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ABSTRACT
Myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (Mypt1) is the regulatory subunit of myosin phosphatase which dephosphorylates the light chain of myosin II to inhibit its contraction. Although biochemical properties of Mypt1 have been characterized in detail, its biological functions in organisms are not well understood. The zebrafish mypt1 sq181 allele was found defective in the ventral pancreatic bud and extrapancreatic duct development, resulting in dysplasia of exocrine pancreas. In mypt1 sq181 mutant, the early growth of the ventral pancreatic bud was initiated but failed to expand due to impaired cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis. As Mypt1 is essential for cell migration, the loss-of-function of Mypt1 in the mutant disrupted the lateral plate mesoderm migration during gut looping, therefore, altering the Bmp2a expression pattern within it, and eventually leading to impaired Bmp signaling in the adjacent exocrine pancreas. Overexpression of bmp2a could rescue the development of exocrine pancreas, suggesting that the impaired Bmp2a signaling is responsible for the pancreatic development defects. Bmp2a has been reported to promote the early specification of the ventral pancreatic bud, and our study reveals that it continues to serve as a cell proliferation/survival signal to ensure pancreatic bud growth properly in zebrafish.
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