ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190924-7
Immunotoxicity and transcriptome analysis of zebrafish embryos in response to glufosinate-ammonium exposure
Xiong, G., Deng, Y., Li, J., Cao, Z., Liao, X., Liu, Y., Lu, H.
Date: 2019
Source: Chemosphere   236: 124423 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Lu, Huiqiang
Keywords: Glufosinate-ammonium, Immunotoxicity, Innate immunity, RNA-Seq, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Aminobutyrates/toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Cell Count
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects*
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects
  • Herbicides/toxicity
  • Immunity, Innate/genetics
  • Immunotoxins/toxicity*
  • Macrophages/pathology
  • Neutrophils/pathology
  • Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress/drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress/genetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/immunology
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
PubMed: 31545209 Full text @ Chemosphere
Glufosinate-ammonium (Gla) is a broad-spectrum and non-selective herbicide that widely used in many countries worldwide, but the biological safety including potentially negative effects on aquatic organisms remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the immunotoxic effects of Gla exposure on zebrafish embryos. Firstly, Gla markedly decreased the survival rate and caused a series of morphological malformations in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, the number of macrophages and neutrophils was substantially reduced upon Gla exposure. In addition, the levels of oxidative stress were changed and the antioxidant enzyme activities such as CAT and SOD were elevated with the increase of Gla concentrations. Secondly, comparative transcriptome analysis identified 1, 366 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including 789 up-regulated and 577 down-regulated in zebrafish embryos after Gla exposure. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that metabolic pathways such as drug metabolism-cytochrome P450 was markedly regulated and proteolysis, oxidation-reduction process, and peptidase activity were significantly enriched by the GO analysis. Besides, 55 immunity-related genes were identified in the DEGs, and we found that the genes in the metabolism, redox and immunity display an unique expression profilings by clustering analysis. Finally, 8 inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were further confirmed and they were differentially regulated after Gla exposure. In summary, a global survey of zebrafish defense against glufosinate was performed, and a large number of gene expression levels regarding metabolism, redox, and immunity-related genes were acquired from RNA-Seq. This study provides valuable informations for future elucidating the molecular mechanism of herbicide induced immunotoxicity in aquatic ecosystems.