ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190826-28
4D modelling of fluid mechanics in the zebrafish embryonic heart
Foo, Y.Y., Pant, S., Tay, H.S., Imangali, N., Chen, N., Winkler, C., Yap, C.H.
Date: 2019
Source: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology   19(1): 221-232 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Winkler, Christoph
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics, Embryonic heart biomechanics, Embryonic heart fluid mechanics, Line-scan focal modulation microscopy, Wall shear stress, Zebrafish embryonic heart
MeSH Terms:
  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Computer Simulation
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/physiology*
  • Heart/diagnostic imaging
  • Heart/embryology*
  • Heart/physiology*
  • Hydrodynamics*
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Ventricular Function
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
PubMed: 31446522 Full text @ Biomech. Model. Mechanobiol.
Abnormal blood flow mechanics can result in pathological heart malformation, underlining the importance of understanding embryonic cardiac fluid mechanics. In the current study, we performed image-based computational fluid dynamics simulation of the zebrafish embryonic heart ventricles and characterized flow mechanics, organ dynamics, and energy dynamics in detail. 4D scans of 5 days post-fertilization embryonic hearts with GFP-labelled myocardium were acquired using line-scan focal modulation microscopy. This revealed that the zebrafish hearts exhibited a wave-like contractile/relaxation motion from the inlet to the outlet during both systole and diastole, which we showed to be an energy efficient configuration. No impedance pumping effects of pressure and velocity waves were observed. Due to its tube-like configuration, inflow velocities were higher near the inlet and smaller at the outlet and vice versa for outflow velocities. This resulted in an interesting spatial wall shear stress (WSS) pattern where WSS waveforms near the inlet and those near the outlet were out of phase. There was large spatial variability in WSS magnitudes. Peak WSS was in the range of 47.5-130 dyne/cm2 at the inflow and outflow tracts, but were much smaller, in the range of 4-11 dyne/cm2, in the mid-ventricular segment. Due to very low Reynolds number and the highly viscous environment, intraventricular pressure gradients were high, suggesting substantial energy losses of flow through the heart.