ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190808-6
Cadherin-Mediated Cell Coupling Coordinates Chemokine Sensing across Collectively Migrating Cells
Colak-Champollion, T., Lan, L., Jadhav, A.R., Yamaguchi, N., Venkiteswaran, G., Patel, H., Cammer, M., Meier-Schellersheim, M., Knaut, H.
Date: 2019
Source: Current biology : CB   29: 2570-2579.e7 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Knaut, Holger, Venkiteswaran, Gayatri
Keywords: cadherin, cell adhesion, cell migration, cell polarity, chemokine signaling, cxcl12, cxcr4, cxcr7, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cadherins/metabolism*
  • Cell Movement*
  • Chemokines/metabolism*
  • Lateral Line System/embryology
  • Lateral Line System/physiology
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31386838 Full text @ Curr. Biol.
FIGURES
ABSTRACT
The directed migration of cells sculpts the embryo, contributes to homeostasis in the adult, and, when dysregulated, underlies many diseases [1, 2]. During these processes, cells move singly or as a collective. In both cases, they follow guidance cues, which direct them to their destination [3-6]. In contrast to single cells, collectively migrating cells need to coordinate with their neighbors to move together in the same direction. Recent studies suggest that leader cells in the front sense the guidance cue, relay the directional information to the follower cells in the back, and can pull the follower cells along [7-19]. In this manner, leader cells steer the collective and set the collective's overall speed. However, whether follower cells also participate in steering and speed setting of the collective is largely unclear. Using chimeras, we analyzed the role of leader and follower cells in the collectively migrating zebrafish posterior lateral line primordium. This tissue expresses the chemokine receptor Cxcr4 and is guided by the chemokine Cxcl12a [20-23]. We find that leader and follower cells need to sense the attractant Cxcl12a for efficient migration, are coupled to each other through cadherins, and require coupling to pull Cxcl12a-insensitive cells along. Analysis of cell dynamics in chimeric and protein-depleted primordia shows that Cxcl12a-sensing and cadherin-mediated adhesion contribute jointly to direct migration at both single-cell and tissue levels. These results suggest that all cells in the primordium need to sense the attractant and adhere to each other to coordinate their movements and migrate with robust directionality.
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