ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190724-16
Lineage tracing of col10a1 cells identifies distinct progenitor populations for osteoblasts and joint cells in the regenerating fin of medaka (Oryzias latipes)
Dasyani, M., Tan, W.H., Sundaram, S., Imangali, N., Centanin, L., Wittbrodt, J., Winkler, C.
Date: 2019
Source: Developmental Biology   455(1): 85-99 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Centanin, Lazaro, Winkler, Christoph
Keywords: Blastema, Cell ablation, Collagen10a1, Lineage tracing, Medaka, Osteoblasts, Regeneration, Transdifferentiation
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Fins/metabolism
  • Animal Fins/physiopathology
  • Animal Fins/surgery
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Cell Lineage/genetics
  • Collagen Type X/genetics*
  • Collagen Type X/metabolism
  • Fish Proteins/genetics*
  • Fish Proteins/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Joints/cytology
  • Joints/metabolism*
  • Oryzias/genetics*
  • Oryzias/metabolism
  • Oryzias/physiology
  • Osteoblasts/cytology
  • Osteoblasts/metabolism*
  • Regeneration/genetics
  • Regeneration/physiology
  • Stem Cells/cytology
  • Stem Cells/metabolism*
PubMed: 31325454 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
FIGURES
ABSTRACT
The caudal fin of teleost fish regenerates fully within two weeks of amputation. While various cell lineages have been identified and characterized in the regenerating fin, the origin of bone cells remains debated. Here, we analysed collagen10a1 (col10a1) expressing cells in the regenerating fin of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) and tested whether they represent an alternative progenitor source for regenerating osteoblasts. Under normal conditions, col10a1 cells are positioned along fin ray segments and in intersegmental regions. Lineage tracing in the amputated fin revealed that col10a1 cells from the stump contribute to the regenerating bony fin rays. However, ablation of col10a1 cells did not abolish fin regeneration suggesting that col10a1 expressing osteoblast progenitors are dispensable for regeneration. Intriguingly, however, after ablation of osterix (osx)/sp7-col10a1 double-positive osteoblasts, col10a1 cells exclusively gave rise to joint cells in the intersegmental region thus identifying a pool of lineage-restricted joint progenitor cells. To identify additional sources for regenerating osteoblasts, we performed clonal lineage analysis. Our data provide the first evidence that after ablation of mature osteoblasts in medaka, transdifferentiation does not account for de novo osteoblast generation. Instead, our findings suggest the presence of lineage restricted progenitor pools in medaka, similar to the situation in zebrafish. After osteoblast ablation, these pools become activated and give rise to fin ray osteoblasts and inter-segmental joint cells during regeneration. In summary, we conclude that col10a1-positive cells do not represent an exclusive source for osteoblasts but are progenitors of joint cells in the regenerating fin.
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