ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190427-6
AP endonuclease 1 (Apex1) influences brain development linking oxidative stress and DNA repair
Pei, D.S., Jia, P.P., Luo, J.J., Liu, W., Strauss, P.R.
Date: 2019
Source: Cell Death & Disease   10: 348 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Jia, Panpan, Luo, Juanjuan, Pei, Desheng
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Brain/growth & development
  • Brain/metabolism*
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/genetics
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase beta/metabolism
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase/antagonists & inhibitors
  • DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase/genetics
  • DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase/metabolism*
  • Guanine/analogs & derivatives
  • Guanine/metabolism
  • Morpholinos/metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31024003 Full text @ Cell Death Dis.
Brain and neurons are particularly sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative damage from ROS results in increased 8-oxoguanine in DNA followed by repair through the base excision repair (BER) pathway. We reported earlier that AP endonuclease 1 (Apex1) not only participates directly in BER but also regulates transcription factor Creb1. Here, we investigated how Apex1 affects brain to respond effectively to oxidative damage during zebrafish development. Loss of Apex1 resulted in increased ROS, 8-oxoguanine, and abasic sites as well as loss of Ogg1, which recognizes 8-oxoguanine and is required for its repair. Moreover, knock-down of Apex1 not only resulted in reduction of expression of several major proteins in the BER pathway (Polb and Ogg1), and it also resulted in maldistribution and loss of four key brain transcription factors (fezf2, otx2, egr2a, and pax2a), leading to abnormal brain development. These results were independent of p53 protein level. In contrast, exposure to exogenous H2O2 resulted in increased transcription and protein of Apex1 along with other BER components, as well as Creb1. Taken together, these results indicate that oxidative stress increased when the level of Apex1 was reduced, revealing a novel pathway of how Apex1 manages oxidative stress in developing brain.