ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190308-4
bif1, a new BMP signaling inhibitor, regulates embryonic hematopoiesis in the zebrafish
Ghersi, J.J., Mahony, C.B., Bertrand, J.Y.
Date: 2019
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   146(6): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bertrand, Julien, Ghersi, Joey, Mahony, Christopher
Keywords: BMP signaling, Definitive hematopoiesis, Erythropoiesis, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Zebrafish, Zinc finger proteins
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/metabolism*
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Nucleus/metabolism
  • Erythropoiesis/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism
  • Hematopoiesis*
  • Mice
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
  • Zinc Fingers
PubMed: 30837221 Full text @ Development
Hematopoiesis maintains the entire blood system and dysregulation of this process can lead to malignancies (leukemia), immunodeficiencies or red blood cell diseases (anemia, polycythemia vera). We took advantage of the zebrafish model that shares most of the genetic program involved in hematopoiesis with mammals to characterize a new gene of unknown function, si:ch73-299h12.2, expressed in the erythroid lineage during primitive, definitive and adult hematopoiesis. This gene, required during primitive and definitive erythropoiesis, encodes a C2H2 zinc finger protein that inhibits BMP signaling. We therefore named this gene: blood-inducing factor 1 and BMP inhibitory factor 1 (bif1). We identified a bif1 orthologue in Sinocyclocheilus Rhinocerous, another fish, and in the mouse genome. Both genes also inhibit BMP signaling when overexpressed in zebrafish. In conclusion, we deorphanized a new zebrafish gene of unknown function: bif1 codes for a zinc-finger protein that inhibits BMP signaling and also regulates primitive erythropoiesis and definitive hematopoiesis.