ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190308-24
The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Shp2 Regulates Oligodendrocyte Differentiation and Early Myelination and Contributes to Timely Remyelination
Ahrendsen, J.T., Harlow, D.E., Finseth, L.T., Bourne, J.N., Hickey, S.P., Gould, E.A., Culp, C.M., Macklin, W.B.
Date: 2018
Source: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience   38: 787-802 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Macklin, Wendy B.
Keywords: Shp2, myelination, oligodendrocyte, remyelination
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology
  • Female
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Myelin Sheath/metabolism*
  • Neurogenesis/physiology*
  • Oligodendroglia/cytology*
  • Oligodendroglia/enzymology*
  • Oligodendroglia/metabolism
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 29217681 Full text @ J. Neurosci.
ABSTRACT
Shp2 is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase that has been shown to influence neurogenesis, oligodendrogenesis, and oligodendrocyte differentiation. Furthermore, Shp2 is a known regulator of the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin and ERK signaling pathways in multiple cellular contexts, including oligodendrocytes. Its role during later postnatal CNS development or in response to demyelination injury has not been examined. Based on the current studies, we hypothesize that Shp2 is a negative regulator of CNS myelination. Using transgenic mouse technology, we show that Shp2 is involved in oligodendrocyte differentiation and early myelination, but is not necessary for myelin maintenance. We also show that Shp2 regulates the timely differentiation of oligodendrocytes following lysolecithin-induced demyelination, although apparently normal remyelination occurs at a delayed time point. These data suggest that Shp2 is a relevant therapeutic target in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT In the present study, we show that the protein phosphatase Shp2 is an important mediator of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination, both during developmental myelination as well as during myelin regeneration. We provide important insight into the signaling mechanisms regulating myelination and propose that Shp2 acts as a transient brake to the developmental myelination process. Furthermore, we show that Shp2 regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation following demyelination and therefore has important therapeutic implications in diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION