ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190212-5
Human macrophages survive and adopt activated genotypes in living zebrafish
Paul, C.D., Devine, A., Bishop, K., Xu, Q., Wulftange, W.J., Burr, H., Daly, K.M., Lewis, C., Green, D.S., Staunton, J.R., Choksi, S., Liu, Z.G., Sood, R., Tanner, K.
Date: 2019
Source: Scientific Reports   9: 1759 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Greenspan, Daniel S., Sood, Raman
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers
  • Cell Survival/genetics
  • Cell Survival/immunology
  • Genotype*
  • Humans
  • Macrophage Activation/genetics*
  • Macrophage Activation/immunology*
  • Macrophages/immunology*
  • Macrophages/metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 30741975 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
The inflammatory response, modulated both by tissue resident macrophages and recruited monocytes from peripheral blood, plays a critical role in human diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we sought a model to interrogate human immune behavior in vivo. We determined that primary human monocytes and macrophages survive in zebrafish for up to two weeks. Flow cytometry revealed that human monocytes cultured at the physiological temperature of the zebrafish survive and differentiate comparable to cohorts cultured at human physiological temperature. Moreover, key genes that encode for proteins that play a role in tissue remodeling were also expressed. Human cells migrated within multiple tissues at speeds comparable to zebrafish macrophages. Analysis of gene expression of in vivo educated human macrophages confirmed expression of activated macrophage phenotypes. Here, human cells adopted phenotypes relevant to cancer progression, suggesting that we can define the real time immune modulation of human tumor cells during the establishment of a metastatic lesion in zebrafish.