ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-181127-92
Sinup is essential for the integrity of centrosomes and mitotic spindles in zebrafish embryos
Yoo, K.W., Maddirevula, S., Kumar, A., Ro, H., Huh, T.L., Rhee, M.
Date: 2017
Source: Animal cells and systems   21: 93-99 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Huh, Tae-Lin, Ro, Hyunju, Yoo, Kyeong-Won
Keywords: Sinup, centrosomes, phosphorylation, spindle fibers
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 30460056 Full text @ Animal Cells Syst (Seoul)
Fish lineage-specific gene, sinup [Siaz-interacting nuclear protein], modulates neural plate formation in embryogenesis and shares homology with human TPX2 protein, a member of the vertebrate mitogen-activating protein family. In spite of the presence of the TPX2 domain in Sinup, its cellular function has been unknown. As an initial approach to this question, we expressed Sinup by injecting sinup-EGFP mRNAs into zebrafish embryos at the one- to two-cell stage. First of all, Sinup-EGFP was associated with centrosomes and mitotic spindles. In particular, Sinup was localized to the spindle poles and midbody microtubules during the period between anaphase and cytokinesis. Second, various deleted mutants of Sinup-EGFP failed to be associated with the centrosomes and mitotic spindles. Third, a Sinup mutant, where the 144th Serine residue was converted to alanine, not only disturbed the mitotic spindle organization, such as multipolar spindles, fragmented spindle poles, and flattened spindles, but also arrested the cell cycle at metaphase and cell movement. Finally, Sinup is phosphorylated by Aurora A and the 144th Serine mutant of Sinup is partially phosphorylated by Aurora A kinase. We thus propose that Sinup is an essential element for the integrity of centrosomes and mitotic spindle fibers as well as for the normal process of cell cycle and cellular movement in vertebrate embryos.