|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-181012-15|
Transgenic zebrafish model of DUX4 misexpression reveals a developmental role in FSHD pathogenesis
Pakula, A., Lek, A., Widrick, J., Mitsuhashi, H., Bugda Gwilt, K.M., Gupta, V.M., Rahimov, F., Criscione, J., Zhang, Y., Gibbs, D., Murphy, Q., Manglik, A., Mead, L., Kunkel, L.
|Source:||Human molecular genetics 28(2): 320-331 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Gupta, Vandana A, Kunkel, Louis M., Lek, Angela, Rahimov, Fedk, Widrick, Jeffrey|
|PubMed:||30307508 Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.|
Pakula, A., Lek, A., Widrick, J., Mitsuhashi, H., Bugda Gwilt, K.M., Gupta, V.M., Rahimov, F., Criscione, J., Zhang, Y., Gibbs, D., Murphy, Q., Manglik, A., Mead, L., Kunkel, L. (2018) Transgenic zebrafish model of DUX4 misexpression reveals a developmental role in FSHD pathogenesis. Human molecular genetics. 28(2):320-331.
ABSTRACTFacioscapulohumeral dystrophy Type 1 (FSHD-1) is the most common autosomal dominant form of muscular dystrophy with a prevalence of approximately 1 in 8,000 individuals. It is considered a late-onset form of muscular dystrophy and leads to asymmetric muscle weakness in the facial, scapular, trunk and lower extremities. The prevalent hypothesis on disease pathogenesis is explained by misexpression of a germline, primate specific transcription factor DUX4-fl (double homeo-box 4, full-length isoform) linked to the chromosome 4q35. In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that very low levels of DUX4-fl expression are sufficient to induce an apoptotic and/or lethal phenotype, and therefore modeling of the disease has proved challenging. In this study, we expand upon our previously established injection model of DUX4 misexpression in zebrafish and describe a DUX4 inducible transgenic zebrafish model that better recapitulates the expression pattern and late onset phenotype characteristic of FSHD patients. We show that an induced burst of DUX4 expression during early development results in the onset of FSHD-like phenotypes in adulthood, even when DUX4 is no longer detectable. We also utilize our injection model to study long-term consequences of DUX4 expression in those that fail to show a developmental phenotype. Herein we introduce a hypothesis that DUX4 expression during developmental stages, is sufficient to induce FSHD-like phenotypes in later adulthood. Our findings point to a developmental role of DUX4 misexpression in the pathogenesis of FSHD and should be factored into the design of future therapies.