ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180717-5
High-throughput DNA Extraction and Genotyping of 3dpf Zebrafish Larvae by Fin Clipping
Kosuta, C., Daniel, K., Johnstone, D.L., Mongeon, K., Ban, K., LeBlanc, S., MacLeod, S., Et-Tahiry, K., Ekker, M., MacKenzie, A., Pena, I.
Date: 2018
Source: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE   (136): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Ekker, Marc
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Fins/growth & development*
  • Animals
  • DNA/isolation & purification*
  • Genotype
  • Larva/genetics*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 30010654 Full text @ J. Vis. Exp.
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) possess orthologues for 84% of the genes known to be associated with human diseases. In addition, these animals have a short generation time, are easy to handle, display a high reproductive rate, low cost, and are easily amenable to genetic manipulations by microinjection of DNA in embryos. Recent advances in gene editing tools are enabling precise introduction of mutations and transgenes in zebrafish. Disease modeling in zebrafish often leads to larval phenotypes and early death which can be challenging to interpret if genotypes are unknown. This early identification of genotypes is also needed in experiments requiring sample pooling, such as in gene expression or mass spectrometry studies. However, extensive genotypic screening is limited by traditional methods, which in most labs are performed only on adult zebrafish or in postmortem larvae. We addressed this problem by adapting a method for the isolation of PCR-ready genomic DNA from live zebrafish larvae that can be achieved as early as 72 h post-fertilization (hpf). This time and cost-effective technique, improved from a previously published genotyping protocol, allows the identification of genotypes from microscopic fin biopsies. The fins quickly regenerate as the larvae develop. Researchers are then able to select and raise the desired genotypes to adulthood by utilizing this high-throughput PCR-based genotyping procedure.