ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180520-6
Distinct roles for the cell adhesion molecule Contactin2 in the development and function of neural circuits in zebrafish
Gurung, S., Asante, E., Hummel, D., Williams, A., Feldman-Schultz, O., Halloran, M.C., Sittaramane, V., Chandrasekhar, A.
Date: 2018
Source: Mechanisms of Development   152: 1-12 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chandrasekhar, Anand, Halloran, Mary, Sittaramane, Vinoth
Keywords: Axon guidance, CRISPR/Cas9, Cell adhesion molecule, Cntn2, Facial branchiomotor neuron, Morpholino, Neuronal migration, Vangl2, Zebrafish, nucMLF
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Axons/metabolism
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Cell Adhesion/genetics*
  • Cell Movement/genetics
  • Cell Polarity/genetics
  • Contactin 2/genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Morpholinos/genetics
  • Morpholinos/metabolism
  • Motor Neurons/metabolism
  • Neurogenesis/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
PubMed: 29777776 Full text @ Mech. Dev.
Contactin2 (Cntn2)/Transient Axonal Glycoprotein 1 (Tag1), a neural cell adhesion molecule, has established roles in neuronal migration and axon fasciculation in chick and mouse. In zebrafish, antisense morpholino-based studies have indicated roles for cntn2 in the migration of facial branchiomotor (FBM) neurons, the guidance of the axons of the nucleus of the medial longitudinal fascicle (nucMLF), and the outgrowth of Rohon-Beard (RB) central axons. To study functions of Cntn2 in later stages of neuronal development, we generated cntn2 mutant zebrafish using CRISPR-Cas9. Using a null mutant allele, we detected genetic interactions between cntn2 and the planar cell polarity gene vangl2, as shown previously with cntn2 morphants, demonstrating a function for cntn2 during FBM neuron migration in a sensitized background of reduced planar cell polarity signaling. In addition, maternal-zygotic (MZ) cntn2 mutant larvae exhibited aberrant touch responses and swimming, suggestive of defects in sensorimotor circuits, consistent with studies in mice. However, the nucMLF axon convergence FBM neuron migration, and RB outgrowth defects seen in morphants were not seen in the mutants, and we show here that they are likely off-target effects of morpholinos. However, MLF axons exhibited local defasciculation in MZcntn2 mutants, consistent with a role for Cntn2 in axon fasciculation. These data demonstrate distinct roles for zebrafish cntn2 in neuronal migration and axon fasciculation, and in the function of sensorimotor circuits.