ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180110-4
Phloridzin docosahexaenoate, a novel flavonoid derivative, suppresses growth and induces apoptosis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells
Arumuggam, N., Melong, N., Too, C.K., Berman, J.N., Rupasinghe, H.V.
Date: 2017
Source: American journal of cancer research   7: 2452-2464 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Berman, Jason, Melong, Nicole
Keywords: Phloridzin, STAT3, apoptosis, cytotoxicity, docosahexaenoic acid, flavonoid derivative, leukemia, proliferation, zebrafish
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 29312799
The overall clinical outcome in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) can be improved by minimizing risk for treatment failure using effective pharmacological adjuvants. Phloridzin (PZ), a flavonoid precursor found in apple peels, was acylated with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) yielding a novel ester known as phloridzin docosahexaenoate (PZ-DHA). Here, we have studied the cytotoxic effects of PZ-DHA on human leukemia cells using in vitro and in vivo models. The inhibitory effects of PZ-DHA were tested on human Jurkat T-ALL cells in comparison to K562 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells and non-malignant murine T-cells. PZ-DHA, not PZ or DHA alone, reduced cell viability and ATP levels, increased intracellular LDH release, and caused extensive morphological alterations in both Jurkat and K562 cells. PZ-DHA also inhibited cell proliferation, and selectively induced apoptosis in Jurkat and K562 cells while sparing normal murine T-cells. The cytotoxic effects of PZ-DHA on Jurkat cells were associated with caspase activation, DNA fragmentation, and selective down-regulation of STAT3 phosphorylation. PZ-DHA significantly inhibited Jurkat cell proliferation in zebrafish larvae; however, the proliferation of K562 cells was not affected in vivo. We propose that PZ-DHA-induced cytotoxic response is selective towards T-ALL in the presence of a tumor-stromal microenvironment. Prospective studies evaluating the combinatorial effects of PZ-DHA with conventional chemotherapy for T-ALL are underway.