ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170823-2
Multi-Photon Time Lapse Imaging to Visualize Development in Real-time: Visualization of Migrating Neural Crest Cells in Zebrafish Embryos
Williams, A.L., Bohnsack, B.L.
Date: 2017
Source: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE   (126): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Williams, Antionette
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology
  • Neural Crest/diagnostic imaging
  • Neural Crest/metabolism*
  • Time-Lapse Imaging/methods*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 28829423 Full text @ J. Vis. Exp.
Congenital eye and craniofacial anomalies reflect disruptions in the neural crest, a transient population of migratory stem cells that give rise to numerous cell types throughout the body. Understanding the biology of the neural crest has been limited, reflecting a lack of genetically tractable models that can be studied in vivo and in real-time. Zebrafish is a particularly important developmental model for studying migratory cell populations, such as the neural crest. To examine neural crest migration into the developing eye, a combination of the advanced optical techniques of laser scanning microscopy with long wavelength multi-photon fluorescence excitation was implemented to capture high-resolution, three-dimensional, real-time videos of the developing eye in transgenic zebrafish embryos, namely Tg(sox10:EGFP) and Tg(foxd3:GFP), as sox10 and foxd3 have been shown in numerous animal models to regulate early neural crest differentiation and likely represent markers for neural crest cells. Multi-photon time-lapse imaging was used to discern the behavior and migratory patterns of two neural crest cell populations contributing to early eye development. This protocol provides information for generating time-lapse videos during zebrafish neural crest migration, as an example, and can be further applied to visualize the early development of many structures in the zebrafish and other model organisms.