ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170809-7
HOXA1 and TALE proteins display cross-regulatory interactions and form a combinatorial binding code on HOXA1 targets
De Kumar, B., Parker, H.J., Paulson, A., Parrish, M.E., Pushel, I., Singh, N.P., Zhang, Y., Slaughter, B.D., Unruh, J.R., Florens, L., Zeitlinger, J., Krumlauf, R.
Date: 2017
Source: Genome research   27(9): 1501-1512 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Krumlauf, Robb, Zhang, Ying
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Chromatin/genetics
  • Genome/genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins/genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Protein Binding/genetics
  • Protein Interaction Maps/genetics*
  • Proteomics
  • Repressor Proteins/genetics*
  • Transcription Factors/genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic*
PubMed: 28784834 Full text @ Genome Res.
Hoxa1 has diverse functional roles in differentiation and development. We identify and characterize properties of regions bound by HOXA1 on a genome-wide basis in differentiating mouse ES cells. HOXA1-bound regions are enriched for clusters of consensus binding motifs for HOX, PBX, and MEIS, and many display co-occupancy of PBX and MEIS. PBX and MEIS are members of the TALE family and genome-wide analysis of multiple TALE members (PBX, MEIS, TGIF, PREP1, and PREP2) shows that nearly all HOXA1 targets display occupancy of one or more TALE members. The combinatorial binding patterns of TALE proteins define distinct classes of HOXA1 targets, which may create functional diversity. Transgenic reporter assays in zebrafish confirm enhancer activities for many HOXA1-bound regions and the importance of HOX-PBX and TGIF motifs for their regulation. Proteomic analyses show that HOXA1 physically interacts on chromatin with PBX, MEIS, and PREP family members, but not with TGIF, suggesting that TGIF may have an independent input into HOXA1-bound regions. Therefore, TALE proteins appear to represent a wide repertoire of HOX cofactors, which may coregulate enhancers through distinct mechanisms. We also discover extensive auto- and cross-regulatory interactions among the Hoxa1 and TALE genes, indicating that the specificity of HOXA1 during development may be regulated though a complex cross-regulatory network of HOXA1 and TALE proteins. This study provides new insight into a regulatory network involving combinatorial interactions between HOXA1 and TALE proteins.