ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170504-18
A framework for understanding morphogenesis and migration of the zebrafish posterior Lateral Line primordium
Nogare, D.D., Chitnis, A.B.
Date: 2017
Source: Mechanisms of Development   148: 69-78 (Review)
Registered Authors: Chitnis, Ajay
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation/genetics
  • Cell Movement/genetics*
  • Cell Proliferation/genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Embryonic Development/genetics*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Morphogenesis/genetics*
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed: 28460893 Full text @ Mech. Dev.
A description of zebrafish posterior Lateral Line (pLL) primordium development at single cell resolution together with the dynamics of Wnt, FGF, Notch and chemokine signaling in this system has allowed us to develop a framework to understand the self-organization of cell fate, morphogenesis and migration during its early development. The pLL primordium migrates under the skin, from near the ear to the tip of the tail, periodically depositing neuromasts. Nascent neuromasts, or protoneuromasts, form sequentially within the migrating primordium, mature, and are deposited from its trailing end. Initially broad Wnt signaling inhibits protoneuromast formation. However, protoneuromasts form sequentially in response to FGF signaling, starting from the trailing end, in the wake of a progressively shrinking Wnt system. While proliferation adds to the number of cells, the migrating primordium progressively shrinks as its trailing cells stop moving and are deposited. As it shrinks, the length of the migrating primordium correlates with the length of the leading Wnt system. Based on these observations we show how measuring the rate at which the Wnt system shrinks, the proliferation rate, the initial size of the primordium, its speed, and a few additional parameters allows us to predict the pattern of neuromast formation and deposition by the migrating primordium in both wild-type and mutant contexts. While the mechanism that links the length of the leading Wnt system to that of the primordium remains unclear, we discuss how it might be determined by access to factors produced in the leading Wnt active zone that are required for collective migration of trailing cells. We conclude by reviewing how FGFs, produced in response to Wnt signaling in leading cells, help determine collective migration of trailing cells, while a polarized response to a self-generated chemokine gradient serves as an efficient mechanism to steer primordium migration along its relatively long journey.