ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170419-9
In Vivo Measurement of Glycine Receptor Turnover and Synaptic Size Reveals Differences between Functional Classes of Motoneurons in Zebrafish
Chow, D.M., Zuchowski, K.A., Fetcho, J.R.
Date: 2017
Source: Current biology : CB   27(8): 1173-1183 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fetcho, Joseph R.
Keywords: Dendra2, FRAP, glycine, motoneuron, motor, photoconversion, receptor, spinal cord, synapse, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Motor Neurons/physiology*
  • Receptors, Glycine/metabolism*
  • Synapses/physiology*
  • Synaptic Transmission/physiology*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 28416115 Full text @ Curr. Biol.
The interplay between binding and unbinding of synaptic receptor proteins at synapses plays an important role in determining receptor concentration and synaptic strength, with known links between changes in binding kinetics and synaptic plasticity. The regulation of such kinetics may subserve the specific functional requirements of neurons in intact circuits. However, the majority of studies of synaptic turnover kinetics have been performed in cultured neurons outside the context of normal circuits, and synaptic receptor turnover has not been measured at individual synaptic sites in vivo. We quantified the distribution of glycinergic receptor dynamics using fluorescence recovery after photoconversion of synapses in intact zebrafish and correlated recovery kinetics to synaptic volume in two functionally distinct classes of cells: primary and secondary motoneurons. The rate of fluorescence recovery after photoconversion decreased with synaptic volume in both types of motoneurons, with larger synapses having slower recovery. Primary motoneurons had both larger synapses and associated slower recovery times than secondary motoneurons. Our results suggest that synaptic kinetics are regulated in concert with synaptic sizes and reflect the functional role played by neurons within their circuit.