FLNC Gene Splice Mutations Cause Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
- Begay, R.L., Tharp, C.A., Martin, A., Graw, S.L., Sinagra, G., Miani, D., Sweet, M.E., Slavov, D.B., Stafford, N., Zeller, M.J., Alnefaie, R., Rowland, T.J., Brun, F., Jones, K.L., Gowan, K., Mestroni, L., Garrity, D.M., Taylor, M.R.
- JACC. Basic to translational science 1: 344-359 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Garrity, Deborah
- cardiovascular genetics, dilated cardiomyopathy, filamin C, heart failure, zebrafish
- MeSH Terms
- 28008423 Full text @ JACC Basic Transl Sci
Begay, R.L., Tharp, C.A., Martin, A., Graw, S.L., Sinagra, G., Miani, D., Sweet, M.E., Slavov, D.B., Stafford, N., Zeller, M.J., Alnefaie, R., Rowland, T.J., Brun, F., Jones, K.L., Gowan, K., Mestroni, L., Garrity, D.M., Taylor, M.R. (2016) FLNC Gene Splice Mutations Cause Dilated Cardiomyopathy.. JACC. Basic to translational science. 1:344-359.
Objective To identify novel dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) causing genes, and to elucidate the pathological mechanism leading to DCM by utilizing zebrafish as a model organism.
Background DCM, a major cause of heart failure, is frequently familial and caused by a genetic defect. However, only 50% of DCM cases can be attributed to a known DCM gene variant, motivating the ongoing search for novel disease genes.
Methods We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) in two multigenerational Italian families and one US family with arrhythmogenic DCM without skeletal muscle defects, in whom prior genetic testing had been unrevealing. Pathogenic variants were sought by a combination of bioinformatic filtering and cosegregation testing among affected individuals within the families. We performed function assays and generated a zebrafish morpholino knockdown model.
Results A novel filamin C gene splicing variant (FLNC c.7251+1 G>A) was identified by WES in all affected family members in the two Italian families. A separate novel splicing mutation (FLNC c.5669-1delG) was identified in the US family. Western blot analysis of cardiac heart tissue from an affected individual showed decreased FLNC protein, supporting a haploinsufficiency model of pathogenesis. To further analyze this model, a morpholino knockdown of the ortholog filamin Cb in zebrafish was created which resulted in abnormal cardiac function and ultrastructure.
Conclusions Using WES, we identified two novel FLNC splicing variants as the likely cause of DCM in three families. We provided protein expression and in vivo zebrafish data supporting haploinsufficiency as the pathogenic mechanism leading to DCM.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes