ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-161209-2
Chromatin-remodelling factor Brg1 regulates myocardial proliferation and regeneration in zebrafish
Xiao, C., Gao, L., Hou, Y., Xu, C., Chang, N., Wang, F., Hu, K., He, A., Luo, Y., Wang, J., Peng, J., Tang, F., Zhu, X., Xiong, J.W.
Date: 2016
Source: Nature communications   7: 13787 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Peng, Jinrong, Wang, Fang, Xiong, Jing-Wei
Keywords: Cell proliferation, Chromatin remodelling, Development, Regeneration
Microarrays: GEO:GSE81627
MeSH Terms:
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/physiology*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57/metabolism
  • DNA Methylation
  • Heart/physiology*
  • Myocardium/cytology
  • Myocardium/metabolism*
  • Regeneration
  • Up-Regulation
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 27929112 Full text @ Nat. Commun.
The zebrafish possesses a remarkable capacity of adult heart regeneration, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we report that chromatin remodelling factor Brg1 is essential for adult heart regeneration. Brg1 mRNA and protein are induced during heart regeneration. Transgenic over-expression of dominant-negative Xenopus Brg1 inhibits the formation of BrdU+/Mef2C+ and Tg(gata4:EGFP) cardiomyocytes, leading to severe cardiac fibrosis and compromised myocardial regeneration. RNA-seq and RNAscope analyses reveal that inhibition of Brg1 increases the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors such as cdkn1a and cdkn1c in the myocardium after ventricular resection; and accordingly, myocardial-specific expression of dn-xBrg1 blunts myocardial proliferation and regeneration. Mechanistically, injury-induced Brg1, via its interaction with Dnmt3ab, suppresses the expression of cdkn1c by increasing the methylation level of CpG sites at the cdkn1c promoter. Taken together, our results suggest that Brg1 promotes heart regeneration by repressing cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors partly through Dnmt3ab-dependent DNA methylation.