Formation of mos RNA granules in the zebrafish oocyte that differ from cyclin B1 RNA granules in distribution, density and regulation

Horie, M., Kotani, T.
European journal of cell biology   95(12): 563-573 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Kotani, Tomoya
Oocyte maturation, Translational control, Vertebrate, mRNA localization
MeSH Terms
  • Actin Cytoskeleton/genetics
  • Actin Cytoskeleton/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cyclin B1/genetics
  • Cyclin B1/metabolism*
  • Cytoplasmic Granules/genetics
  • Cytoplasmic Granules/metabolism*
  • Oocytes/metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mos/genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mos/metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
27756483 Full text @ Eur. J. Cell Biol.
Many translationally repressed mRNAs are deposited in the oocyte cytoplasm for progression of the meiotic cell cycle and early development. mos and cyclin B1 mRNAs encode proteins promoting oocyte meiosis, and translational control of these mRNAs is important for normal progression of meiotic cell division. We previously demonstrated that cyclin B1 mRNA forms RNA granules in the zebrafish and mouse oocyte cytoplasm and that the formation of RNA granules is crucial for regulating the timing of translational activation of the mRNA. However, whether the granule formation is specific to cyclin B1 mRNA remains unknown. In this study, we found that zebrafish mos mRNA forms granules distinct from those of cyclin B1 mRNA. Fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis showed that cyclin B1 RNA granules were assembled in dense clusters, while mos RNA granules were distributed diffusely in the animal polar cytoplasm. Sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation analysis showed that the density of mos RNA granules was partly lower than that of cyclin B1 mRNA. Similar to cyclin B1 RNA granules, mos RNA granules were disassembled after initiation of oocyte maturation at the timing at which the poly(A) tail was elongated. However, while almost all of the granules of cyclin B1 were disassembled simultaneously, a fraction of mos RNA granules firstly disappeared and then a large part of them was disassembled. In addition, while cyclin B1 RNA granules were disassembled in a manner dependent on actin filament depolymerization, certain fractions of mos RNA granules were disassembled independently of actin filaments. These results suggest that cytoplasmic regulation of translationally repressed mRNAs by formation of different RNA granules is a key mechanism for translational control of distinct mRNAs in the oocyte.
Genes / Markers
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Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes