Glypican4 Modulates Lateral Line Collective Cell Migration Non Cell-Autonomously

Venero Galanternik M., Lush, M.E., Piotrowski, T.
Developmental Biology   419(2): 321-335 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Lush, Mark E., Piotrowski, Tatjana, Venero Galanternik, Marina
FGF, Heparinase III, Wnt/╬▓-catenin, boxer, dackel, extl3/ext2, laminin╬│1, lateral line, morphogenesis, primordium, proteoglycans, sulf1
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/physiology
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Polarity
  • Ectoderm/cytology
  • Ectoderm/physiology
  • Ectoderm/transplantation
  • Feedback, Physiological
  • Gastrula/physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Glypicans/genetics
  • Glypicans/physiology*
  • Hedgehog Proteins/physiology
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans/physiology*
  • Lateral Line System/cytology
  • Lateral Line System/embryology*
  • Muscle Development/physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal/embryology
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway/physiology
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
27640326 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
Collective cell migration is an essential process during embryonic development and diseases such as cancer, and still much remains to be learned about how cell intrinsic and environmental cues are coordinated to guide cells to their targets. The migration-dependent development of the zebrafish sensory lateral line proves to be an excellent model to study how proteoglycans control collective cell migration in a vertebrate. Proteoglycans are extracellular matrix glycoproteins essential for the control of several signaling pathways including Wnt/β-catenin, Fgf, BMP and Hh. In the lateral line primordium the modified sugar chains on proteoglycans are important regulators of cell polarity, ligand distribution and Fgf signaling. At least five proteoglycans show distinct expression patterns in the primordium; however, their individual functions have not been studied. Here, we describe the function of glypican4 during zebrafish lateral line development. glypican4 is expressed in neuromasts, interneuromast cells and muscle cells underlying the lateral line. knypekfr6/glypican4 mutants show severe primordium migration defects and the primordium often U-turns and migrates back toward the head. Our analysis shows that Glypican4 regulates the feedback loop between Wnt/β-catenin/Fgf signaling in the primordium redundantly with other Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans. In addition, the primordium migration defect is caused non-cell autonomously by the loss of cxcl12a-expressing muscle precursors along the myoseptum via downregulation of Hh. Our results show that glypican4 has distinct functions in primordium cells and cells in the environment and that both of these functions are essential for collective cell migration.
Genes / Markers
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Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes