PUBLICATION

Distribution of galanin receptor 2b neurons and interaction with galanin in the zebrafish central nervous system

Authors
Kim, E., Jeong, I., Kim, S., Kim, H.K., Lee, D.W., Kim, B., Seong, J.Y., Bae, Y.K., Ryu, J.H., Park, H.C.
ID
ZDB-PUB-160619-8
Date
2016
Source
Neuroscience letters   628: 153-60 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Bae, Young Ki, Jeong, Inyoung, Kim, Eunmi, Kim, Hwan-Ki, Kim, Suhyun, Park, Hae-Chul
Keywords
central nervous system, galanin, galanin receptor, neuropeptide, zebrafish
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Brain/metabolism*
  • Female
  • Fish Proteins/analysis
  • Galanin/metabolism*
  • Male
  • Neurons/metabolism*
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 2/analysis*
  • Receptor, Galanin, Type 2/metabolism*
  • Spinal Cord/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed
27315774 Full text @ Neurosci. Lett.
Abstract
Galanin is a multifunctional neuropeptide that is implicated in the modulation of physiological processes, including nociception, cognition, feeding behavior, neuronal growth, and reproduction. The physiological effects of galanin are mediated through its interaction with three different G protein-coupled receptors, i.e., GALR1, GALR2, and GALR3. Unlike mammals, zebrafish have four different receptors for galanin, diversified from GALR1 (GAL1a and GALR1b) and GALR2 (GALR2a and GALR2b). Despite the importance of galanin in the central nervous system (CNS), no information has been reported regarding GalR2 in zebrafish CNS. In this study, we found that galr2a is expressed at low levels in restricted areas of the brain; however, galr2b was widely expressed in CNS including olfactory bulb, midbrain tegmentum, preoptic region, dorsal thalamus, posterior tuberculum, postoptic commissure, hindbrain, and spinal cord. To further analyze the distribution of GALR2b neurons and their interaction with GAL, we generated Tg(galr2b:egfp) zebrafish, which express enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of a galr2b promoter. Investigation of the CNS of transgenic reporter zebrafish revealed that galr2b:EGFP(+) neurons are distributed and interact with galanin-immunoreactive (galanin-IR) cells in various regions of the brain and spinal cord. We found that in some regions of the brain and spinal cord, galanin-IR nerve cells were not observed near galr2b:EGFP neurons, suggesting that GALR2b may have the potential to interact with other ligands instead of galanin in these regions.
Genes / Markers
Figures
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Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes