ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160401-9
Putative digenic inheritance of heterozygous RP1L1 and C2orf71 null mutations in syndromic retinal dystrophy
Liu, Y.P., Bosch, D.G., Siemiatkowska, A.M., Rendtorff, N.D., Boonstra, F.N., Möller, C., Tranebjærg, L., Katsanis, N., Cremers, F.P.
Date: 2017
Source: Ophthalmic genetics   38(2): 127-132 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Katsanis, Nicholas
Keywords: Cerebellum, ciliopathy, digenic inheritance, hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Comparative Genomic Hybridization
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Exome/genetics
  • Eye Proteins/genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Silencing
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Inheritance Patterns*
  • Mutation/genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa/genetics*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa/pathology
  • Rhodopsin/genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
PubMed: 27029556 Full text @ Ophthalmic Genet.
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the most common cause of inherited retinal degeneration and can occur in non-syndromic and syndromic forms. Syndromic RP is accompanied by other symptoms such as intellectual disability, hearing loss, or congenital abnormalities. Both forms are known to exhibit complex genetic interactions that can modulate the penetrance and expressivity of the phenotype.
In an individual with atypical RP, hearing loss, ataxia and cerebellar atrophy, whole exome sequencing was performed. The candidate pathogenic variants were tested by developing an in vivo zebrafish model and assaying for retinal and cerebellar integrity.
Exome sequencing revealed a complex heterozygous protein-truncating mutation in RP1L1, p.[(Lys111Glnfs*27; Gln2373*)], and a heterozygous nonsense mutation in C2orf71, p.(Ser512*). Mutations in both genes have previously been implicated in autosomal recessive non-syndromic RP, raising the possibility of a digenic model in this family. Functional testing in a zebrafish model for two key phenotypes of the affected person showed that the combinatorial suppression of rp1l1 and c2orf71l induced discrete pathology in terms of reduction of eye size with concomitant loss of rhodopsin in the photoreceptors, and disorganization of the cerebellum.
We propose that the combination of heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in these genes drives syndromic retinal dystrophy, likely through the genetic interaction of at least two loci. Haploinsufficiency at each of these loci is insufficient to induce overt pathology.